Convective-core Overshoot and Suppression of Oscillations: Constraints from Red Giants in NGC 6811,
The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 838, Issue 2
Using data from the NASA spacecraft Kepler, we study solar-like oscillations in red giant stars in the open cluster NGC 6811. We determine oscillation frequencies, frequency separations, period spacings of mixed modes, and mode visibilities for eight cluster giants. The oscillation parameters show that these stars are helium-core-burning red giants. The eight stars form two groups with very different oscillation power spectra; the four stars with the lowest Δν values display rich sets of mixed l = 1 modes, while this is not the case for the four stars with higher Δν. For the four stars with lowest Δν, we determine the asymptotic period spacing of the mixed modes, ΔP, which together with the masses we derive for all eight stars suggest that they belong to the so-called secondary clump. Based on the global oscillation parameters, we present initial theoretical stellar modeling that indicates that we can constrain convective-core overshoot on the main sequence and in the helium-burning phase for these ~2 M⊙ stars. Finally, our results indicate less mode suppression than predicted by recent theories for magnetic suppression of certain oscillation modes in red giants.
Key words: convection / open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 6811 / stars: evolution / stars: oscillations / techniques: photometric