Signatures of magnetic activity in the seismic data of solar-type stars observed by Kepler

A. R. G. Santos, T. L. Campante, W. J. Chaplin, M. S. Cunha, M. N. Lund, R. Kiefer, D. Salabert, R. A. Garcia, G. R. Davies, Y Elsworth, R. Howe

Signatures of magnetic activity in the seismic data of solar-type stars observed by Kepler
See arXiv version
Accepted for publication in ApJS, 19(+86) pages, 11(+89) figures, 2(+87) tables


In the Sun, the frequencies of the acoustic modes are observed to vary in phase with the magnetic activity level. These frequency variations are expected to be common in solar-type stars and contain information about the activity-related changes that take place in their interiors. The unprecedented duration of Kepler photometric time-series provides a unique opportunity to detect and characterize stellar magnetic cycles through asteroseismology. In this work, we analyze a sample of 87 solar-type stars, measuring their temporal frequency shifts over segments of length 90 days. For each segment, the individual frequencies are obtained through a Bayesian peak-bagging tool. The mean frequency shifts are then computed and compared with: 1) those obtained from a cross-correlation method; 2) the variation in the mode heights; 3) a photometric activity proxy; and 4) the characteristic timescale of the granulation. For each star and 90-d sub-series, we provide mean frequency shifts, mode heights, and characteristic timescales of the granulation. Interestingly, more than 60% of the stars show evidence for (quasi-)periodic variations in the frequency shifts. In the majority of the cases, these variations are accompanied by variations in other activity proxies. About 20% of the stars show mode frequencies and heights varying approximately in phase, in opposition to what is observed for the Sun.

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