The K2 Galactic Archaeology Program Data Release 3: Age-abundance patterns in C1-C8, C10-C18

Joel C. Zinn, Dennis Stello, Yvonne Elsworth, Rafael A. García, Thomas Kallinger, Savita Mathur, Benoît Mosser, Marc Hon, Lisa Bugnet, Caitlin Jones, Claudia Reyes, Sanjib Sharma, Ralph Schönrich, Jack T. Warfield, Rodrigo Luger, Andrew Vanderburg, Chiaki Kobayashi, Marc H. Pinsonneault, Jennifer A. Johnson, Daniel Huber, Sven Buder, Meridith Joyce, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Luca Casagrande, Geraint F. Lewis, Andrea Miglio, Thomas Nordlander, Guy R. Davies, Gayandhi De Silva, William J. Chaplin, Victor Silva Aguirre

The K2 Galactic Archaeology Program Data Release 3: Age-abundance patterns in C1-C8, C10-C18
See arXiv version
Positive referee report received from ApJ. Full tables available upon request


We present the third and final data release of the K2 Galactic Archaeology Program (K2 GAP) for Campaigns C1-C8 and C10-C18. We provide asteroseismic radius and mass coefficients, \(\kappa_R\) and \(\kappa_M\), for \(\sim 19,000\) red giant stars, which translate directly to radius and mass given a temperature. As such, K2 GAP DR3 represents the largest asteroseismic sample in the literature to date. K2 GAP DR3 stellar parameters are calibrated to be on an absolute parallactic scale based on Gaia DR2, with red giant branch and red clump evolutionary state classifications provided via a machine-learning approach. Combining these stellar parameters with GALAH DR3 spectroscopy, we determine asteroseismic ages with precisions of \(\sim 20-30\%\) and compare age-abundance relations to Galactic chemical evolution models among both low- and high-\(\alpha\) populations for \(\alpha\), light, iron-peak, and neutron-capture elements. We confirm recent indications in the literature of both increased Ba production at late Galactic times, as well as significant contribution to r-process enrichment from prompt sources associated with, e.g., core-collapse supernovae. With an eye toward other Galactic archaeology applications, we characterize K2 GAP DR3 uncertainties and completeness using injection tests, suggesting K2 GAP DR3 is largely unbiased in mass/age and with uncertainties of \(2.9\%\,(\rm{stat.})\,\pm0.1\%\,(\rm{syst.})\) & \(6.7\%\,(\rm{stat.})\,\pm0.3\%\,(\rm{syst.})\) in \(\kappa_R\) & \(\kappa_M\) for red giant branch stars and \(4.7\%\,(\rm{stat.})\,\pm0.3\%\,(\rm{syst.})\) & \(11\%\,(\rm{stat.})\,\pm0.9\%\,(\rm{syst.})\) for red clump stars. We also identify percent-level asteroseismic systematics, which are likely related to the time baseline of the underlying data, and which therefore should be considered in TESS asteroseismic analysis.

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