Campante, Tiago L.; Veras, Dimitri; North, Thomas S. H.; Miglio, Andrea; Morel, Thierry; Johnson, John A.; Chaplin, William J.; Davies, Guy R.; Huber, Daniel; Kuszlewicz, James S.; Lund, Mikkel N.; Cooke, Benjamin F.; Elsworth, Yvonne P.; Rodrigues, Thaíse S.; Vanderburg, Andrew
Weighing in on the masses of retired A stars with asteroseismology: K2 observations of the exoplanet-host star HD 212771,
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 469, Issue 2
Doppler-based planet surveys point to an increasing occurrence rate of giant planets with stellar mass. Such surveys rely on evolved stars for a sample of intermediate-mass stars (so-called retired A stars), which are more amenable to Doppler observations than their main-sequence progenitors. However, it has been hypothesized that the masses of subgiant and low-luminosity red-giant stars targeted by these surveys – typically derived from a combination of spectroscopy and isochrone fitting – may be systematically overestimated. Here, we test this hypothesis for the particular case of the exoplanet-host star HD 212771 using K2 asteroseismology. The benchmark asteroseismic mass (1.45-0.09+0.10 M_⊙) is significantly higher than the value reported in the discovery paper (1.15 ± 0.08 M⊙), which has been used to inform the stellar mass-planet occurrence relation. This result, therefore, does not lend support to the above hypothesis. Implications for the fates of planetary systems are sensitively dependent on stellar mass. Based on the derived asteroseismic mass, we predict the post-main-sequence evolution of the Jovian planet orbiting HD 212771 under the effects of tidal forces and stellar mass-loss.
Key words: asteroseismology / techniques: photometric / techniques: spectroscopic / planet-star interactions / stars: individual: HD 212771 / planetary systems